Steiner defined Anthroposophy as
"a path of knowledge whose objective is to guide the spiritual in man to the spiritual in the universe."
Anthroposophy is a modern path of knowledge and a spiritual science, which enables the human being to gain a deeper understanding of his/her own true nature, and of the world we live in. The word "Anthroposophy" comes from the Greek language, and means "wisdom of the human being". This wisdom ultimately leads to the connection of the spiritual in the human being to the Spiritual, which pervades the universe.
Anthroposophy as a world-view is not confined to the purely conceptual, but expresses itself in all realms of life on earth. The arts, the sciences, education, agriculture, medicine, architecture, all these fields have been permeated and transformed by the impulse of Anthroposophy. It is thus a living power, which appeals to the whole human being, to his/her three-fold nature of thinking, feeling and actions - the cognitive, affective and psycho-motor domains.
Rudolf Steiner (1860-1925), an Austrian-born philosopher, educator and mystic, gave various lectures between the years 1919-1924 that focused on his philosophy, known as Anthroposophy. These beliefs held by Steiner proposed the revitalisation and regeneration of society by providing a spiritual dimension to modern scientific method.
Although Steiner was born in the West, his philosophy is universal. He had the ability to combine modern, scientific thinking with his own inwardly experienced spiritual vision, similar to that of a Rishi. He was convinced that human perception went beyond the physical and the material to reach the realm of the supersensible, which in turn can be perceived by pure thought. His entire work developed independently, based upon genuine spiritual research, which he made known through his many books and public lectures.
At the beginning of his adult life, Steiner was general secretary of the Theosophical Society in Germany. This brought him close to the ancient spiritual wisdom of the East, particularly that of ancient India. That wisdom which lived in the ancient mysteries of various cultures has become accessible to modern human consciousness through the works of Rudolf Steiner.
In addition to his philosophical teachings, he provided ideas for the development of many practical activities including education both general and special agriculture, medicine, economics, architecture, science, religion, and the arts. Today there are thousands of schools, clinics, farms, and many other organizations based on his ideas.