dark & cool
Buried in Sept/Nov – lifted Feb/March
This is the period when the earth is breathing in and cosmic earth forces are most active (winter).
fresh cow dung from a lactating cow
average 50-150gms dung/horn (depends on horn size)
1. Feed cattle high quality food for two days prior to collecting dung for BD500
(good green fodder and less protein artificial feed).
2. Prepare burial pit: 18 inches deep
Pit area should not be subject to flooding, vigorous root systems or earthworms.
BD500 takes the character of the soil it is buried in,
so good quality earth in the burial pit is essential.
3. Collect cow horns – remove any paint
4. Collect fresh dung –reasonably firm
5. Fill cow horns with cow dung in October/November
(rather than Sept., due to
6. Place horns in burial pit, 1 inch apart with base
downwards, surround with 50% compost & soil
7. Cover with soil and bury for 4 to 6 months
If the soil is not rich enough, add compost to an extent of 50% to enhance soil quality.
8. Keep burial pit soil moist and shaded, at temp of
approx. 20°C, and free from weeds & earthworms.
9. After 4 months check for dung fermentation. Dig up one horn. If the green cow dung has turned into a dark, smooth earthy smelling humus (B 500) they are ready to be lifted. Remove the BD500, use & store. If not, leave them longer.
Apply when the dew is falling (the earth breathes in)
i.e. late afternoon or evening – descending Moon.
1. 25gms BD500/acre in 15 litres rain/pure warm water
2. Check water for high calcium, iron, or other minerals
3. Stir for 1 hour alternately clockwise and anti-clockwise forming a vortex.
4. Spray in the late afternoon or evening (just before sunset), when Moon is descending
5. Spray 4 times a year – during the beginning and after rains, i.e. Feb-May-Nov-Dec.
1. Place in glazed earthenware pots with loose fitting lids.
2. Bury in a box surrounded with coir pith, which is kept moist and can be closed.
3. Keep in dark and at temp of not more than 25°C
4. Use within 1 year.
Buried in April/May – Lifted in September
This is the period when the earth is breathing out and the cosmic light energy is most active (summer).
silica quartz crystal – should be clear and well-formed
average 200-300gms powdered quartz crystal per horn
1. Crush silica quartz using a pounding rod, a mortar and pestle, or hammer
2. Grind to a fine powder between 2 plate glasses;
first glass – 12² square and 9mm thick with a wooden frame
second glass – 4² square glass plate mounted in a wooden block (handle).
Ensure that the quartz dust is not inhaled as it could lead to silicosis.
It is advisable that masks are provided while making the preparation.
3. Moisten with water to make a stiff paste
4. Fill horns with the silica paste
5. Bury horns in soil pit, 1 inch apart with base downwards,
surround with 50% compost & soil from Mar/Apr. (spring equinox) to Sept. (autumn equinox)
Apply 501 only after one or two applications of BD500
Apply when the dew is rising (the earth breathes out)
i.e. early morning 6-8 a.m. at sunrise
during ascending Moon or Moon opposition Saturn
1. 1 gm silica (enough to cover the small finger nail)
2. 15 litres of warm quality water
3. Dissolve silica in water, stirring for 1 hour before sunrise,
alternately clockwise and anti-clockwise forming a vortex.
4. Spray the plants using a low pressure sprayer (Knapsack 80-100 psi).
Spray into the air to fall as a gentle mist over the plants.
5. As a general rule, spray twice during the planting cycle;
at the beginning and again just before harvest
1. Store in a glass jar with a loose fitting lid, placed in an open area exposed to sunlight, up to 3 years.
Clay is the mediator between calcium & silica
Practice shows that cow horn clay appears to make BD 500 & 501 more effective
IS MADE TWICE A YEAR
Buried in Sept (autumn equinox) till Feb (spring equinox)
with BD 500
Buried in April/May – Lifted in September
with BD 501
Clay to fill horns (potter’s clay)
1. Fill and bury in the same way as BD 500 & 501
1. 5 gms horn clay in 13 litres water
2. winter horn clay is sprayed in the evenings
sunset – same time as BD 500
3. summer horn clay is sprayed in the mornings
sunrise – same time as BD 501
SUMMARY BD 502-507 The Compost Preparations
Herb or Material *
Relationship to Processes of:
Permits plants to attract trace elements in extremely dilute quantities for best nutrition.
Calcium (Ca) Sulphur (S)
Stabilizes Nitrogen (N) within the compost and increases soil life so as to stimulate plant growth
in India – Urtica parviflora
Stimulates soil health, by providing plants with the individual nutrition components needed, ‘enlivens’ the earth (soil).
in India- Quercus glauca
Provides healing forces (or qualities) to combat harmful plant diseases.
or Siliclic Acid
Stimulates relation between Si and K so that the Si can attract cosmic forces to the soil.
Stimulates compost so that Phosphorus component is properly used by the soil.
Steiner designated these particular herbs/materials as those in the plant kingdom which held the particular element(s) in the best possible form and/or ratio for use by the soil.
t Use 1 gram each (502-506) for every 5 cubic metres of compost and 10 ml of 507 at 5% in 2-5 litres of water.
t These could be added to liquid manures and cow pat pits also.
Pits for Burial of Preparations
1. Size: Depth = 12–18 inches; Length = 2 feet; Breadth = 2 feet
2. Location: Fertile well drained soil with no trees in the vicinity (spreading of roots).
3. Maintenance: Weed free. Dig trench around pit to prevent weeds/roots. Mulch on top with coconut pith
4. Line the pit with bricks on the side but leave the bottom free.
5. A marker should be clearly visible (eg. brick lining).
6. Make a sign to define the preparation, date of burying and date of lifting, and a layout plan for your record.
8. Maintain pit temperatures between 25-30°C.
9. Maintain moistness by watering/sprinkling over the pits.
Water logging should be avoided.
Storage of Preparations
1. Choose a moist, cool, dark location with good air circulation.
2. Place the ready preparations into well labeled glass jars or glazed pots.
3. Place the pots into a well insulated storage box using e.g. coir pith
A food grade drum placed horizontal with a hinged opening is useful for preparations such as 500 and CPP.
4. Turn the preparations frequently, and maintain moisture.
Casurina (Saru) ‘Tea’
This is not one of the compost preparations, but is an extra suggestion to help cope with fungus diseases.
Spray at Full Moon (2-4 days before) and at Moon opposition Saturn, the same as BD501
1 kg Equisetum arvense (Horsetail herb) or Casurina (Saru)
10 litres water
1. Boil 1 kg casurina for 2 hours in 10 litres water
2. Let sit for 2 days
1. Bring liquid back up to 10 litres by adding water
2. Dilute to10%
i.e. 1 litre casurina ‘tea’ to 10 litres water per acre
3. Spray onto the soil or over the plants in the early growing stages
For mild fungus problems BD508 is often sufficient, but for more severe problems BD501 is more effective.
= a state of matter
Needed for composting
Air : good airflow, oxygen required for bacterial activity
Moisture: 40-50% , squeeze a handful of compost to see that the material is like a sponge
Warmth : 70°C to 20°C
Location: convenient, watering facility, adequate area, cool & shady, drainage
1. Proteinaceous: rich in nitrogen
all fresh animal manures from cow, sheep, pig, horse, fowl
all green plant materials; eg lawn clippings, green weeds, leaves, grasses, old crops and silage
blood and bone
2. Carbonaceous: rich in carbon which helps hold nitrogen
saw dust and wood chips (untreated)
seaweed dried (as found on the beach)
dry crops such as corn or maize stalks
bore well soil
4. BD Preparations
502 through 507
1. Collect adequate proteinaceous and carbonaceous matter.
More variety the better.
1. Clear the area. Till the soil a little.
Sprinkle a little old compost or rotted cow dung. This will serve as a starter.
3. Place an air tunnel at the bottom - bamboo/coconut fronds, hay or straw
4. Start the heap with a 3” layer of dry (carbonaceous) material, that has been moistened.
5. Spread cow dung slurry over the dry material.
6. Sprinkle rock phosphate or potash over the slurry.
7. Add 1 ft of wet (green proteinaceous) material.
8. Sprinkle lime powder over the green material – to hold nitrogen and generate heat to hasten breakdown.
9. Alternate layers of moistened dry – cow dung slurry – rock phosphate – wet green – lime powder
to a height of 1.5m.
10. The heap should be 2m at the base. Keep the sides neat and in a straight line, tapering inwards as the heap is built up.
11. After the heap is complete cover it with soil and a suitable mulch, i.e. with dry leaves/straw/coir pith.
12. Make five deep holes along the side of the heap (an arm’s length) with a stick or crowbar.
13. Place 1 gram of each of the BD preps (502-506) in separate handfuls of old compost, then in separate holes
14. Make a hole in the top of the compost heap.
15. Pour in half the prep 507 (total 10ml in 5% dilution diluted in 1 litre of water stirred/shaken for 10 minutes)
16. The balance of prep 507 is sprinkled evenly round the heap in a clockwise direction.
17. Insert a stick into the center of the heap to monitor heat build up.
18. Water regularly. Do not let the heap become dry.
White mold fungus is an indication of over heating.
19 Turn after 4-6 weeks.
20. Compost should be ready after 4 months – should be a dark brown, moist, crumbly humus
21. Place a board indicating date of composting and have compost yard map with relevant information.
pH 5 - 6.5 breakdown 50-65° brown/grey
pH 6.5 – 7 stabilisation 35-40° dark brown - can now put in field
pH 7 mineralization soil temp. dark brown - left too long, loses dynamism
Think of compost as a living entity
Manure from a Cow Pat Pit is a useful vehicle or medium for spreading the influence of the compost preparations 502-507
over a large area of farmland, orchard, or garden.
60 kgs cow dung gives about 30-35 kg CPP
60 kgs Cow dung from a fresh lactating cow,
given good feed (Trace elements/NPK)
200 gms Crushed egg shells (Ca)
300 gms Basalt rock / Blue granite dust or Bore well soil
(SiO2 and minerals)
3 sets of preps 502-506 (3gm of each)
30 ml of 507 added at 5% dilution
1. Choose a site with good drainage, well-shaded and aerated.
A vegetable garden is ideal.
2. Dig a pit 600cm x 1m x 150mm deep (3¢x2¢x1¢)
3. Line the side of the pit with bricks (or untreated timber 300mm deep). Ensure that the bricks are wet
prior to placing the dung. The bottom is not lined.
4. Add water by sprinkling it over the cow dung if dry.
Cow dung should not be too dry or too wet.
5. Sprinkle the above mineral (basalt rock, etc.) and eg shells over the cow dung.
6. Knead (mix) for 10-30 minutes.
7. Place the dung mixture into the pit to a depth of 4-6 inches (100-150mm). Any deeper would take too long to breakdown into humus. The dung should not
be tightly packed.
8. Make six holes 2 inches (50mm) deep after gently
patting the dung into the pit.
9. Insert 3 sets of Preps 502-506 individually into the
holes by placing each into a handful of compost.
10. Stir Prep 507 in 350ml rain/pure water, alternately
clockwise and then anti-clockwise, for 10 minutes.
11. Add ½ of stirred Prep 507 into the remaining hole.
12. Sprinkle balance stirred Prep 507 evenly over the
13. Place a wet jute sack over the cow pat pit to maintain moisture.
(Waterproof cover should be raised at one side to allow water to run off and air to circulate.)
14. Once a month gently turn/aerate with a garden fork,
leaving the surface level on completion to avoid excessive drying.
15. If manure worms, Eisenia fetida (gold banded lavender colour), dendrobaeria rubida, or lumbricus rubellus (small red),
are not already present in the pit, they may be introduced by inoculation to aid in the later stages of the breakdown process.
16. Remove mature CPP in 3 to 4 months.
1. Store in an earthen pot placed in a darkroom.
A shed may be constructed for storage.
2. Maintain moisture.
3. Use within 6 months.
Apply in evenings in cooler seasons
1. 2 kg CPP
2. 40 litres of water
3. Soak overnight prior to application
4. Mix for 20 minutes.
5. Strain through a cotton cloth
6. Spray as required
Other Applications of CPP
1. Stir with Prep 500 (25gms BD500 to 100gm-1kg CPP)
2. Stir with any liquid manures at an approx. rate of 50gm per gallon
3. Dissolve in water and use as a liquid manure in its own right
4. Take handful of CPP, add water to make slurry and apply as pruning paste to stop bleeding and help healing
5. Soak seeds in CPP slurry overnight before sowing.
6. Cuttings can be dipped into CPP slurry also
Provides a protective cover on the bark of trees and shrubs.
1/3 Fine clay (loam clay type)
1/3 Fresh cow dung
¼ to ½ kg CPP to 10 litres of water
1% equisetum tea
one portion (25 gms) of stirred Prep BD500
1. Mix equal parts of sand, fine clay & fresh cow dung & CPP.
2. Dissolve this with Equisetum tea and Prep BD500.
Stir for 10 minutes until such a consistency is achieved that one can paint the material on the tree bark with a brush.
1. Scrape and brush bark to remove dead, loose parts.
2. Paint on Tree Paste as liberally as possible
The bark of trunks and branches that have received this treatment becomes smooth and clean after a few years, and the trees grow healthy.
Prepare 2 days before Full Moon
An easy and quick way to get BD preps to the soil.
Helps provide trace elements to the soil & plants.
Aids in the formation of humus.
Acts as a plant tonic.
Liquid manures act as:
insecticides - (Dathura),
pesticides - (Neem, yanna maritl, nettle)
fungicides - (equistun arverise and casuarinas equisetifoliae).
Yarrow stalk (Potash)
Digitalis puparia + K2SO4 (Potash)
Fish meal (Potash and Nitrogen)
Legume trees (Nitrogen)
Neem Cake Oil (Protein)
Water (not chlorinated)
1 gm each BD 502-506
10ml BD 507 at 5% dilution
* Weeds in the field show up as a deficiency in the soil,
if placed back into the soil they would help balance the deficiency to an extent.
However, ensure the weeds are from an organic area, as in this process of liquid manures there is no heat produced and therefore
synthetic material cannot be broken down.
1. Use a 200 litres plastic drum
2. if green leaves = fill drum
if cow dung = fill 1/3 drum
3. Fill drum 7/8 with water
4. if cow dung, stir to make slurry
5. Place BD 502-506 preps individually in a partially decomposed leaf
6. Make small paan parcels and tie closed
7. Float these parcels on the water surface, beneath the leaves
8. Rhythmically shake BD 507 for 10 minutes
9. Pour ½ BD 507 solution into the drum
10. Sprinkle remaining BD 507 over and around the drum in a clockwise direction
11. if green leaves, place 4 bricks on top of leaves
12. Cover drum with gunny sack or open shed roof
13. After 2 weeks stir for 1-2 minutes every other day
14. Green leaf manure matures in approx. 2 months
Cow dung manure matures in approx. 3 months
it should sit until it smells good
Apply 2 days before the Full Moon, in the evening
1. Use a dilution of 1:10
i.e. 4 litres of liquid manure to 40 litres water
can mix liquid manures 2 litres + 2 litres + water
2. Filter – to prevent nylon filter, mesh cloth, or sprayer from being blocked by fiber
3. Mix solution for 1 hour, stirring alternately clockwise and anti-clockwise,
or 15 minutes in Virbela flowform
4. Spray – approx. 4 litres/in 40 litres water/acre
the greater the canopy, the greater the amount needed
It has been found effective to alternate 2 weeks liquid manure with 2 weeks CPP.
1. Can be stored for 6 months
for 200 litres
5 cow ingredients
This solution + CPP can be added to Liquid Manure
5 kg dung
1 kg ghee
5 litres cow urine
3 litres curd
3 litres milk
5 litres water
1 kg CPP, if desired
1 kg gur also added by some people nowadays
1. Mix the above materials together.
2. Stir daily for 15 days while fermentation takes place
1. Use a dilution of 1:10, as above
1. Store ?
Burned and applied on Full Moon day
(from 2 days before) or when Moon is in Leo (Simha) Constellation
May take up to 4 years for eradication.
1. Fertile mature seeds of weeds that have grown out of control
2. Roots of overzealous creepers, e.g. morning glory
1. Collect seeds/roots in advance and store.
2. Up to 2 days prior to a Full Moon day, light a wood fire.
3. Place seeds/roots into a small tin.
4. Place tin in the fire.
5. Burn seeds/roots until black.
6. Collect the ash and grind with a mortar and pestle for 10 minutes until smoothly ground.
1. Put 10 gm ash in a bucket of sand
2. Mix well and sprinkle over affected land
3. Potentize ash to D6 or D8 as below
4. Mix 10 ml of D8 solution in 100 litres of water/acre
5. Spray every 3 to 4 months for effect.
Use this method only in extreme cases. Weeds give us a message about our soil – they indicate what is needed. It is very important we understand the message they bring before we destroy them. Place cut weeds into compost heaps.
10gm ash + 90ml distilled H2O = D1
10ml D1 + 90ml distilled H2O = D2
10ml D2 + 90ml distilled H2O = D3
10ml D3 + 90ml distilled H2O = D4
10ml D4 + 90ml distilled H2O = D5
10ml D5 + 90ml distilled H2O = D6
10ml D6 + 20ml alcohol + 70ml distilled H2O = D7 which can be stored
then make into D8 for use
10ml D7 + 90ml distilled H2O = D8
1. 10 gms of the ground ash is placed in a bottle with 90 ml of distilled water.
This mother tincture D1 (Decimal potency 1) is shaken as in the homeopathic process for 2 ½ minutes.
2. 10 ml of D1 solution is mixed in 90 ml of water and shaken for 2 ½ minutes to give you D2 mixture.
3. This process may be followed till the D8 mixture stage. For preservation at the D7 stage add 20ml alcohol as above.
Full Moon – Sun in the constellations Pisces (Mina) to Leo (Simha)
Burned and spread under a Zodiac sign that represents the element in which the insect pest spends the maximum time in its life cycle;
i.e. fire, earth, air, water
Invading insect/pest (50 in number)
1. Determine from the life cycle of the insect in question, where it spends the maximum time
(e.g. the mosquito spends the maximum time in water).
2. Determine an appropriate constellation/month*
i.e. Aquarius = air mid-Feb to mid-March
Pisces = water mid-Mar to mid-April
Aries = fire mid-Apr to mid-May
Taurus = earth mid-May to mid-June
Gemini = air mid-June to mid-July
Cancer = water mid-July to mid-August
Leo = fire mid-Aug to mid-September
3. Collect 50 of the invading insects/pests
(if none are around at the time for burning, save some from when they are around).
4. Place these insects/pests in a tin.
5. Light a wood fire and place the tin in the fire.
6. Burn the contents till they are charred (carbonized).
7. Collect the ash and grind with a mortar and pestle for 10 minutes until smoothly ground.
* If the Moon is also in the same constellation the effect
will be multiplied; i.e. Sun and Moon in Taurus, etc.
As a rule:
Sun in Aries is best for berry borers.
Sun in Taurus is best for all hard-shelled insects.
Sun in Gemini is best for moths.
Sun in Cancer is best for snails and slugs, mosquitoes
1. Mix 10 gm ash with milk sugar or wood ashes
2. Mix well and sprinkle over mature insects/pests when they return to the area
3. Potentize ash to D6 or D8
4. Mix 10 ml of D8 solution in 100 litres of water/acre
5. Spray over mature insects/pests regularly throughout the season
Full Moon of Pisces or Cancer
1. Place snails in a bucket of water
2. Leave them rotting in the bucket for 1 month
3. Then pour this ‘snail water’ on the ground,
living snails don’t like it
Burn and apply when Venus is in front of Scorpio
= a period of three weeks any time from between
mid-October and first week in January
Skins of mice, rats, rabbits, opossum etc.
1. Kill and skin the pesty young rodents.
2. Make a fire on a corrugated iron sheet and let it burn for 1/2 hour.
3. Place the rodent skins on the sheet and keep turning until charred.
4. Collect the ash and grind finely.
1. Mix ground up burnt skin with ash, sand, or milk sugar.
2. Sprinkle lightly over the affected field.
3. Potentize the ash to D6 or D8 and sprinkle over field.
For pest attacks
Herbal extracts should be used only as a final remedy after utilizing & practicing all the above control methods.
Some of the Liquid Manure plants such as:*
insecticides - Dathura
pesticides - Neem, yanna maritl, nettle
fungicides - equistun arverise and casuarinas equisetifoliae
*One should try to use only the locally available weeds.
If enough materials are not available in and around the garden, then materials can be collected from other areas.
1. Use at least 2-3 different materials at a time to prepare the herbal extract.
2. Crush and grind the plant material to a pulp state.
3. Soak the pulped material in 60-80% of the final volume of spray solution for 3-5 days.*
5. Add additional water to make the required final volume of spray solution.
* To avoid soaking it for 3-4 days, soak it at least overnight and then heat it to a bearable warmth (60-70°C) for an hour stirring.
Then dilute it to the required final volume of spray solution, filter, allow to cool & spray.
2. Change the combination of the materials every time.
Never use the same combination twice in a row.
3. Use 2-3% of herbal extract (of 2-3 material combo) while the pest attack is at early stage.
4. Increase the dosage to 5-6% if the attack is very severe.
1. Pulp the plant material.
2. Place the pulped material in a mud pot.
3. Add cow urine (10% of the final volume of spray solution).
4. Bury the mud pot in a compost heap.
5. Soak the pulped material in cow urine for 15-20 days
6. Then dilute it as 1:9 with water, filter & spray.
Fast growing + good biomas crops, i.e.
Dilichas biflorus – horse grass Thespesia populina
Phasedas aconitifdia – moth bean Glyricidia
Crotalaria juneoa Theprosia purpurea
Sunhemp Cassia aurieulata
Mucona purpurco – legume Calatropis gigantean
Cymopsis teranalolax – cluster beans
* Keep in direction of E to W so shade does not affect main crop
1. Plough the land -- two ploughings are enough
2. Sow seed on the 2nd ploughing
3. Consider putting compost – when this gets
ploughed back in with the green manure crop, it is a double benefit to the soil
4. Plan 30-40 days interval between harvest and planting
1. *Plough the crop back into the soil when it is at 5% of its flowering – this adds nitrogen to the soil
2. Wait 5-10 days before sowing any new crop, this allows the heat of decomposition to be over
* A rotar blade is very bad, it destroys soil and earthworms. The Multi-mini-disc blade is good for incorporating green manure into the soil.
Drink first thing in the morning
cleaner of intestines
encourages beneficial bacteria
100 gms wheat grass
1. Extract juice -- approx. 20-25ml juice
2. drink first thing in the morning
3. wait minimum ½ hour before eating anything
nutritious enough to be your breakfast
Can be grown in garden plot or in shallow pot/dish
1. pot measuring 1 sq ft x 3 in depth is enough
2. fill pot with mixture of 75% soil & 25% CPP/compost
3. sprout 100 gm wheat grains
i.e. soak for 12 hrs., wrap in wet cloth for 12 hrs.
4. spread 100 gm sprouted wheat on soil close together
5. cover with thin layer of soil
6. sprinkle water over soil
7. as wheat grass grows water once a day (more if hot)
usually late afternoon or early evening
8. expose pot to sunlight for approx. 3-4 hrs./day
9. after 1 week wheat grass with be 4-5 in. high
higher than this begins to lose nutritive value & juice
10. cut close to the bottom and juice
11. after cutting grass, spread soil to dry in sunlight
12. this same soil can be used again after 4-5 days
13. before reusing soil, mix with fresh soil and CPP/compost
To prepare daily
1. Sow 100 gm wheat in a pot on the first day.
2. Thereafter, sow 100 gm wheat in a pot everyday for
the succeeding 6 days.
3. After 7 days the wheat grass in the first pot will be ready for juicing
4. Cut it, spread soil, and re-seed after 4-5 days.
5. Follow same procedure each day as each successive pot of wheat grass is ready for juicing